There’s a longstanding debate among scientists and dieters alike about the best way to shed pounds. Those in the more traditional school maintain that decreasing total calories is most important, while others passionately argue that the “calorie is a calorie” dogma is wrong, and that cutting carbohydrates in particular is the most effective way to trim fat. According to researchers in the low-carb camp, carbohydrates are more likely to promote weight gain than protein or fat because they increase levels of insulin, a hormone that drives fat storage. But which one burns away more body fat and promotes the greatest sustainable weight loss is sometimes controversial.
The aim of this study was to assess which of the two diets reduces the most body fat and sustained weight loss.
The low carb diet was associated with increased and more effective fat burn and a lower production of insulin, meanwhile the low fat had no effects on the two. The low carb diet resulted in significant body fat loss. However, subjects in the study lost even more body fat during the low fat diet, as it lead in a higher imbalance between the fat eaten and fat burned.
It’s important for you to consider the goals of your diet when considering which approach to take. Are you just trying to lose weight, or are you attempting to lose fat, or both. Both of these approaches have different optimal methods, and therefore each must be considered for their respective merits/demerits before undertaking them. Ultimately, you’ll have to discover which diet works best for you, and no study can give you that particular answer.