Cardiovascular diseases is the largest cause of death.  The reasons for this are many, but the in large it’s from lifestyles habits of people.  Main risk factors are diet with saturated fat, stress, sedentary lifestyle, and other associated diseases such as high blood pressure and obesity.

Also called heart disease — includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis.  Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries.  This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through.  If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow.  This can cause a heart attack or stroke.

Unbalance between two different kinds of cholesterol is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular diseases. LDL, the “bad cholesterol” increases the risk significantly, while HDL-cholesterol, the “good cholesterol”, lowers the risk.

Decreasing LDL-cholesterol is essential to obtaining good health. There are number of ways to this. One is to start exercising. Another way is to chose and eat an optimal diet rich in vegetables. Moreover, reducing or eliminating stress is also important.

Other Types of Cardiovascular Disease

Heart failure: This doesn’t mean that the heart stops beating. Heart failure, sometimes called congestive heart failure, means the heart isn’t pumping blood as well as it should. The heart keeps working, but the body’s need for blood and oxygen isn’t being met. Heart failure can get worse if it’s not treated. If your loved one has heart failure, it’s very important to follow the doctor’s orders.

Arrhythmia: This is an abnormal rhythm of the heart. There are various types of arrhythmias. The heart can beat too slow, too fast or irregularly. Bradycardia is when the heart rate is less than 60 beats per minute. Tachycardia is when the heart rate is more than 100 beats per minute. An arrhythmia can affect how well the heart works. The heart may not be able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Learn more about arrhythmia.

Heart valve problems: When heart valves don’t open enough to allow the blood to flow through as it should, it’s called stenosis. When the heart valves don’t close properly and allow blood to leak through, it’s called regurgitation. When the valve leaflets bulge or prolapse back into the upper chamber, it’s a condition called mitral valve prolapse.  When this happens, they may not close properly.  This allows blood to flow backward through them.

Reference:

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Caregiver/Resources/WhatisCardiovascularDisease/What-is-Cardiovascular-Disease_UCM_301852_Article.jsp